Tuesday, June 17, 2008

All about Pallet


Generally constructed of plastic, metal, or wood, a pallet is a piece of transportation/movement equipment utilized in the movement of unit loads. Usually "fork-liftable" in that it is designed to accept forks between the top and bottom platforms of the unit.STANDARD

Pallet Dimensions
Measurement points to determine a pallet's dimensions:
Length = distance between pallet ends (inclusive of overhang) and parallel to the stringer(s).
Width = distance between pallet sides at right angles to the pallet length inclusive of any overhang.
Height = distance from the outer edges of the bottom deck boards to the outer edges of the top deck board.
Pallet dimensions are generally shown in inches.

Euro Pallet
The standard pallet in Europe. It is 1200 mm by 800 mm in dimension and has a wood block design between the top and bottom permitting four-way or four-sided entrance by lifting forks. Although other sizes exist in Europe, they are not nearly as prominent as the Euro-pallet.DIETAIL.

Name Dimensions (mm)
Pallet EUR 800 x 1200 fits through many doors
Pallet EUR 2 1200 x 1000
Pallet EUR 3 1000 x 1200
Pallet EUR 6 800 x 600
Pallet Pattern
The layer-by-Ayer arrangement or pattern of boxes/cartons as they are placed on a pallet.

Pallet Performance
The performance of a pallet as expressed in terms of durability, stability (lateral), degree of stiffness or rigidity, and strength.

Palletizers are special machines capable of building a complete unit load on a pallet. Although the most common application is for cases, some palletizers can also handle sacks and bags. A less common palletizer application would be for special products such as sheet stock. There are two general methods employed for automatically building a full pallet. One makes use of a fixed position or overhead gantry robot with end effectors suited to the individual loads, such as vacuum lifts or a gripper. The other method employs more complex mechanisms for forming pallet layers off line, one at a time, and then shifting or transferring each successive layer onto the pallet as it is lowered via a lift/lower table.

Reversible Pallet

A pallet designed and constructed to use both the top and bottom deck boards as load bearing members.

Throwaway Pallet
A pallet whose planned usage is limited to one use and then is discarded.

All-way Entry Pallet
The construction of the pallet allows entry from all sides and ends by a fork truck.

Bin Pallet
A four-sided superstructure that is mounted on a pallet base, with or without a cover. Also known as a box or container bin pallet.

Cross Docking
The process of moving merchandise from the receiving dock to shipping for shipping without placing it first into storage locations. Information regarding the merchandise will be entered into the inventory and a transaction for shipping posted within one posting cycle, e.g. one day.

General Purpose Pallet
A pallet that is designed and constructed for general use and is returnable. This pallet is generally double decked in its construction.

ISO pallets

Dimensions (mm) Dimensions (inches) Wasted floor, ISO Container Region
1219 x 1016 48.00 x 40.00 3.7% North America
1200 x 1000 47.24 x 39.37 6.7% Europe, Asia; similar to 48x40".
1140 x 1140 44.88 x 44.88 8.1% Australia
1067 x 1067 42.00 x 42.00 11.5% North America, Europe, Asia
1100 x 1100 43.30 x 43.30 14% Asia
1200 x 800 47.24 x 31.50 15.2% Europe; fits many doorways

Block pallet

Block pallets (also referred to as Manoj pallets) are typically stronger than stringer pallets. Block pallets utilize both parallel and perpendicular stringers to better facilitate efficient handling. A block pallet is also known as a "four-way" pallet, since a pallet-jack may be used from any side to move it.

Stringer pallet

Stringer pallets use a frame of three parallel pieces of timber (called stringers). The top deckboards are then affixed to the stringers to create the pallet structure. Stringer pallets are also known as "two-way" pallets, since a pallet-jack may only lift it from two directions instead of four. Forklifts can lift a stringer pallet from all four directions, though lifting by the stringers is more secure.

Flammable Liquid Explosives

No comments: